VIS is authorized by the College Board to provide AP (Advanced Placement) courses. The following article is from the official College Board website.
VIS 為美國大學理事會（College Board）正式認證學校，經授權可開授AP課程。以下文章出自於美國大學理事會 College Board 官網，提供中文翻譯給學生家長參考。
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Understand College Campus and Student Body Size
How the Size of a College Impacts Your Experience
College is often the first time students like you are away from home and living on their own. You’ll meet people from countless cultures, different backgrounds, and every age group. And with just a little bit of openness, you can make lifelong friendships.
A key factor in your college experience could be the size of the student body, as well as the campus size. These factors directly impact everything from the social scene to available programs and even the people you meet.
Large universities may have a wide variety of programs and activities to participate in, but at a smaller institution you’ll benefit from the more intimate experience of a tight-knit community. You can also take advantage of more advisory support. Carefully consider which option might be best for you.
How Many Sizes Do Colleges Come In?
Colleges in the U.S. range from 5,000 to 15,000 enrolled students. Moreover, some institutions have just a few hundred students while others have more than 60,000. The average college size is 6,354 students, according to a 2020 survey by the U.S. News & World Report. Let’s take a look at how population size varies across different types of schools.
美國大學的學生人數從 5000 人到 15000 不等。在這範圍之外，也有部分的學校只有幾百名學生、有些甚至超過 60000 人。根據 《美國新聞與世界報導》2020 年的資料，平均單校人數是 6354 人。不同類型的學校，會招收的學生名額各有不同。
How Big Are Universities?
Though the terms “university” and “college” are used interchangeably in the U.S. (and in this article), a university technically refers to a larger institution that offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate programs. You’ll often see individual departments within a university referred to as colleges, such as the “College of Education.”
在美國，university 和 college 是混用的。若精確地來說，university 的機構規模較大，提供大學和研究所課程。university 裡個別的學院有時候稱作 colleges，像是教育學院就是 College of Education。
As such, a university is usually larger than a college that focuses on a few areas. For both universities and colleges, a population size is considered small when it has under 5,000 students and large when it has over 15,000 students.
因此 university 的規模通常是專精在少數領域的 college 要大，學生人數如果在 5000 人以下都算是小型大學，而 15000 人以上則是大型大學。
Are Private Schools Smaller Than Public Schools?
Because private colleges or universities tend to have more focused curricula and higher tuition costs, they're usually smaller than public schools. Public universities and colleges receive government funding, offer more programs, and have a larger student population.
Do State Schools Have Larger Student Populations?
Although the student population varies from school to school, public state colleges have larger student populations than their private counterparts. Of the top 10 colleges that enrolled the most undergraduates in 2020, only one was a private institution.
How Does College Size Relate to Class Size?
The sizes of your classes in college will have a significant effect on your overall learning experience and social life. If you're attending a large university, you can expect to have some classes in lecture halls, sometimes with well over 100 students. Think about the type of environment you prefer to learn in. Consider how college size might impact that. If you prefer smaller classes, a small college is right for you. Learn more about campus size by reviewing each college profile on BigFuture.
大學裡的課堂人數對於你的整體學習感受和社交生活有極大的影響。如果你唸的是大型大學，不免就會有幾堂課是在大型講堂進行，單堂修課人數有時會超過百人。請好好考量，你自己比較喜歡的學習環境是哪種，學校規模對你的影響是什麼。如果你還是偏好小型課堂，小型的大學可能還是比較適合你。可以到 BigFuture 網站瀏覽各個大學的資料，了解每個大學的校園規模。
Regardless of the college you attend, your classes will be larger in your first few semesters. Class sizes shrink as you move into higher-level, major-specific courses.
Class Size Can Be Misleading.
Trying to quantify the average college class size can be misleading. In truth, no matter what the size of your college is, you’ll have a wide range of classes sizes during your college career. The “average class size in college” is simply a median of all classes across different programs. The average class size you’ll personally experience probably won’t reflect this median. Even students within the same major can take the same classes and still experience a noticeable difference in size. Say, for example, that a student takes classes for their major later in the afternoon or evening because of a daytime job. They’ll have fewer students in their class because more of their peers will attend during the day.
The larger the population of your school, the larger your class sizes will be. The benefits of small class size in college are more hands-on learning, a stronger relationship with your professors, and the opportunity to stand out.
How Does the Size of College Impact the Social Climate on Campus?
A big campus often means a big social life. Large universities will be teeming with activities during the semester. From Greek life to sporting events, there won’t be a dull moment.
Want to take up indoor cycling in your spare time? Trying to find a club that celebrates your cultural heritage? A large campus has a larger selection of activities to choose from, but that doesn’t mean you won’t be able to find a community at a small institution.
Because smaller colleges have fewer students, you may find that classmates are closer to one another and have a stronger sense of community. Campus activities can often overlap, and you may see the same faces. Regardless of whether you attend a large or small institution, you’ll find ways to build community through shared interests or common majors.
How Does the Student Population Affect Your Social Life?
Social life at school is all about what you make of it regardless of population size. Think about the ways you make friends and engage with others. Consider whether a small school or large school could be a better fit for you. Maybe you like to participate in a dozen different clubs and activities to find friends. Perhaps you prefer being part of smaller campus with more opportunities to stand out among your peers. Regardless of campus size, you’ll have the opportunity to build deep friendships and explore various activities. But keep this in mind when making your choice: Campus size can inform your overall college experience.
Does the Size of a College Determine the Activities Offered?
You’ll often see a seemingly infinite number of activities offered at colleges, and some of this is because of the large size of the campus. However, smaller institutions can have more freedom of choice. Students have autonomy. They’re able to create clubs and activities that interest them.
Do Larger Schools Offer More Intramural Sports?
Most colleges will have intramural sports, but a larger school means more sports to choose from and more events. If you’re enthusiastic about playing sports recreationally and you want to make friends through sports in college, then the population size is definitely something to consider. It’s a good idea to check with the institutions you are applying to see if there’s a particular club or activity you hope to participate in.
Do Smaller Schools Offer More or Fewer Clubs Than Larger Colleges?
Smaller schools will usually offer fewer clubs than larger schools, but that doesn’t mean you can’t participate in things that interest you if you attend a small college. If you can find enough students who share your hobbies and passions, start your own club.
Finding the Right College
When choosing the college that’s right for you, population size matters. It’s important to consider what type of environment and location you’ll be happiest in. The number of students will shape the way you make friends, learn in class, and get involved in activities. Use the BigFuture college search feature to make sure the size of your chosen school lines up with your goals and aspirations, or learn more with Sizing Up Colleges: Big vs Small.
要找到適合自己的大學、學生人數是重要考量。想想自己在哪種環境和地點會最開心。學生人數會形塑你的交友、課堂學習、活動參與方式。請利用 BigFuture 的校園搜尋功能，找到貼合你目標的校園規模，也可進一步閱讀其他關於校園規模的文章：Sizing Up Colleges: Big vs Small。
Please note that this information about college campuses and student body size, especially with regard to public and private schools is true for the United States, but it might vary from country to country.
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If you would like to discuss college options further, please make an appointment with our college counselor Ms. Rosalyn Shih ( email@example.com) to find out more.
如果VIS同學們想進一步討論如何選擇海外的大學，請與VIS的升學顧問 Miss Rosalyn Shih ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) 預約晤談以了解更多資訊。